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As a continuation from last week’s message on the primary health care’s pathway on COVID-19, we have invited back Dr. Adam Vyse with a call to action for family physicians of Alberta. Dr. Vyse’s account of how he and his primary care colleagues are responding to the outbreak reinforces just how impactful the family physician-patient relationship is to the health of a community and to avoiding unnecessary hospitalizations.
Please read his article below and join us December 8 for our Virtual Doctors’ Lounge, at which time Adam will briefly connect to answer any further questions.
Vishal Bhella, MD, CCFP
Alberta College of Family Physicians
Call to Action
I’m a family doctor in High River Alberta, just outside of Calgary. I’m not an epidemiologist, but I’ve been invested in COVID-19 as a Primary Care Network (PCN) leader in early 2020, and then out of necessity when our town got hit with the Cargill meat-packing plant outbreak in April. Currently, cases are spiking everywhere, and population restrictions are likely. I am writing this because as family doctors, I believe we can make an impact. If ever there was a time our population needs help on a different angle of this pandemic, it’s now.
I have written several articles and have been quoted in several others over the last few months. My message is derived from the experience of a few dozen Calgary and High River area physicians and PCNs. It has not been peer-reviewed nor is there evidence yet. However, here it is, a best practice opinion: The involvement of a family physician or primary care clinic in a COVID-19 patient’s acute illness makes an immediate impact on many levels. By involvement, I mean virtual care. This can be telephone or video. Avoid in person visits to keep infected patients at home. Immediate impact is the sense of relief when your patient gets a phone call from their doctor’s team to guide them through the illness that the entire world is gripped with. In my opinion, family doctors are the best-equipped segment of our profession for this task, as pre-pandemic, we assessed community respiratory infection every day.
Until now, we have not been an easy group to reach in order standardize our provision of care. The Covid-19 Primary Care Pathway changed this. We now can all use a common tool to assess the acuity of a patient’s illness. The history is the most important part of any patient encounter, and the history is readily obtained by virtual visits as most of us have seen by now. In our experience with the Cargill outbreak, clinical deterioration was detected accurately using the Pathway’s red flag analysis. Those patients who deteriorated and needed escalation to acute care were identified accurately. Specialist Link is a great resource if we needed help. Strikingly though, the vast majority of patients were well enough to be reassured to stay home.
Flagging Social Safety Nets
The Pathway is more than just clinical. It helps identify social safety net red flags. These may be the most important factors that you can be involved with. Many of those that have mild illness have social issues that will drive spread of infection. It is amazing how many people we talked to who were about to head out to buy groceries, to go to the bank, or even to go to work. A bit of problem solving goes a long way to facilitate social supports. These interventions allowed patients to successfully follow isolation rules that they may have otherwise broken. Advice is different when it is received from a patient’s healthcare provider as opposed to an anonymous contact tracer. The actions of each individual, taken as a whole, determine the shape of the pandemic curve. You can help affect these actions one patient at a time.
A Collective Impact
There are approximately 5,300 of us family physicians across the province. There are 1,000 new cases a day. We have the capacity to reach each and every one of these patients. PCNs partnership with AHS Public Health is resulting in positive COVID results being delivered to family physicians immediately. The system is labour-intensive (a huge shout-out to PCN staff making it happen) but improving weekly. With timely results, we now have the opportunity to act.
So, this is a call to action. You can be part of the solution. Make yourselves familiar with the COVID-19 pathways (see the Pediatric version too, links are below). Make sure you know your templates for your EMR that make tracking patient visits simple. Reach out to PCN leadership. Get to know your PCN nurses and Panel Managers to build your team. Discuss with your clinic colleagues how you as a group will manage your COVID-19 positive cases. Find out who local agency contacts are. If you have questions or uncertainties, sign up Wednesday’s AMA webinar Adapting to Increasing COVID Care Needs in your Practice.
Finally, make that first phone call to the first positive patient and listen to them. Walk them through the journey. Connect with them and support them. You will be amazed at the immediate impact you can make.
Thanks for listening,
For Additional pathways, Tools for Practice, and links to AHS source of truth visit the ACFP COVID-19 Resources Page:
Adult Pathway link: https://www.specialistlink.ca/files/CZ_COVID_Adult_Pathway.pdf
Pediatric Pathway link: https://www.specialistlink.ca/files/CZ_COVID_PediatricTestingIso_Pathway.pdf